Kingdom of Kilikia

Kilikia (arm. Կիլիկիա, gr. Κιλικία, lat. Cilicia) – a well-known mountainous country in the heart of the Ararat mountains.
The first mention of Kilikia we find in Herodotus. According to the myth of the abduction of Europe, the daughter of Phoenician King Agenor, when the king learned of her loss, he sent his sons to search. One of the sons of Agenor, Kilik, after the unsuccessful search for his sister, settled in the land he conquered in the northeast of the Mediterranean, which he named for his own, Kilikia.
Kilikia was annexed to Great Armenia by Tigran II during the Roman Empire. The inhabitants of Kilikia were very fond of freedom and only nominally subordinated to all their conquerors. Kilikians have always been bold and habitual to the sea. The real hangout of sea robbers – Kilikian pirates – became Kilikia during the feuds between the Seleucids. By this time, the origin of the Greek saying refers to: three worst words on the letter C: “Cappadocians, Cretans and Cilicians”. The most famous Kilikian in the world was the apostle Paul (Shaul, hebr.) who according to the Book of Acts came from Tarsus of Kilikia. Subsequently, Paul repeatedly visited Kilikia preaching and opening churches.
The Kingdom of Kilikia gained independence in the 11th century and lasted until the 16th century, until it was finally conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
Ancient writers praised the fertility of the Kilikian plain, which gave in abundance grapes, sesame, millet, wheat and barley. Famous goats Kilikia – probably one breed with Angora.
The country produced a lot of saffron, a good raisin wine, the best hyssop, pomegranate apples. Advantageous position made Kilikia the center of trade in the region, trade routes of the West and East crossed here, and trade routes from the North of the Ararat Mountains ran through the famous Kilikia Gate.
Famous poet, novelist and historian Valery Brusov, in his book “Chronicle of the historical destinies of the Armenian people”, writes about the Kilikian kingdom as one of the centers of the spiritual life of all mankind: “In the second half of the Middle Ages, Armenia managed to create a center of the culture in the East, enduring one struggle with all of Asia”.